Actions for a zero-carbon future for health: a protocol for an umbrella review - PROSPERO

30 Mar 2021

Kristine Belesova, Rosemary Green, Jane Falconer, Sarah Whitmee, Andy Haines. Actions for a zero-carbon future for health: a protocol for an umbrella review

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Review Questions

The aim of the umbrella review is to assess and synthesise the nature, quality and strength of the systematically reviewed evidence on climate change mitigation actions across all sectors. We will focus on addressing the following research questions:

  1. What types of climate change mitigation and health actions have been reported in published systematic reviews and meta-analyses?
  2. What are the processes through which these actions impact health and GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions/atmospheric concentrations?
  3. How does the magnitude of their impact on health and its determinants differ across and within the identified types of actions?
  4. How does the GHG emission reduction potential differ within and across the identified types of actions, and with the evidence of actual GHG reduction (provided there is sufficient observational information of implemented actions)?
  5. What synthesised evidence is there available on synergies and trade-offs, costs, potential for unintended consequences, spillover effects, and distributional effects, with implications for inter- and intra-generational health equity?
  6. How does the coverage, quality and strength of the systematic evidence syntheses differ across sectors, disciplines, and action types?